Who we are?

LSFire is a private institution that operates in the field of fire prevention.
LSFire is highly specialized on international level in the activities of fire testing.
The main activities are:

Its action is aimed at different sectors: construction, decoration, railway, maritime and aeronautical, products for electrical installations (mainly cables) and material with special applications and support of the development of new products in close collaboration with the industries concerned.

LSFire participates in the work of standardization - experimental pre-normative research and drafting of the standard at the UNI CEN, CENELEC, ISO and IEC, the various committees and working groups, often in collaboration with the national and European authorities responsible for fire safety.

The activities are carried out in two laboratories: Controguerra (TE) and Oltrona of S.Mamette (CO).

 

A bit of history:

"In the now distant 1976 if I remember correctly, the Interior Ministry formed a committee to develop a fire prevention regulations appropriate to the times. It was composed of members of the Administration, industry, trade associations, etc.. Remember that in the early seventies the fire at a nightclub in Grenoble had caused the death of about 120 young people. Then it occurred, during the course of our work in the commission, the fire of Todi – Exhibition and others fires in France, Germany etc.. until the fire in the cinema Statuto at Turin, with more than 60 victims - all the spectators in the gallery, killed by the gas, but in the ground floor nobody were affected. In the meantime the committee had worked , and also good : in 1979 had left a Ministerial circular with all the test methods to organize a system of classification realistic and well-articulated, with ratings for that time , based on a logic that is still valid today . The series of methods CSEA 1/2/3 and ISO1182 obtained information on ignitability , propagation complemented by other measures relating to parameters such as the dripping , the post-combustion , the damaged area with the speed of propagation which, combined together with an assessment of the ' importance of each parameter , based on the logic of the experience of the Fire Department , in points , produced a classification acceptable in those days. It must be admitted that, following the work of ISO TC92 and attending colleagues around the rest of the world, we made the most - in our own way , we mean - the great work of ISO in those years. In our own way , because in Italy we always taking into account the actual conditions of use of the products , which in the rest of the world is NOT doing, if not sometimes partially , and we have always valued more parameters with the same test . We did not take into account the fire behaviour of products responsible for the misfortune of Turin : upholstered furniture , at that time already a standard in all public places in place of the sittings of wood ( sometimes even those found in speakers, for instance). The Ing. Tiezzi , the legendary Chief Inspector of the fire brigades of that time, generously (according to him ) granted six months to develop an evaluation system that would rule from a logical and technical point of view, instead to go back to the Middle Ages using the chairs of wood. We had luck: thank God , in England the problem was in advanced stage of study , the use of a relatively small flame - 40mm in height , already in use . We started with an attack of 20 second on the unprotected foam as preliminary screening, than, 3 attacks increasing in time, 20, 80, 140 seconds on the composite foam and actual covering, giving a classification. This method is still used today with great success; consider that caused by upholstered furniture we don’t have any more fire in Italy causing deaths. Even in other areas of fire prevention (under the aspect of the reaction to fire), we have continued to progress, always following the work of ISO TC92 and then the CEN mandates from the Commission in Brussels. In the 80th Vyto Babrauskas developed at NIST (National Institute of Standards & Technology), the cone calorimeter for measuring the performance for rate of the heat release (in other words, monitor the progress of the power of combustion) applied later also to methods of semiscala and real scale. The use of Calorimetry, combined with other measures such as the speed of propagation and production of toxic fumes and gases, already allows modelling work, provided they have used real data relating to the products used and NOT literature data, they are unfortunately NOT reliable and reasonable.

Silvio Messa Director of Research

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Chronology

1976

Entry into operation of the radiant panel (ISO basis for the method CSE RF 3/77), the apparatus of the small flame (for methods CSE RF 1/75/A and CSE RF 2/75/A), the oven ISO 1182 the incombustibility

1983

Tuning a method for upholstered furniture CSE RF 4/83 and the chamber for the measurement of smoke ISO 5659-2.

LSFIRE directs project

1984

The CSE RF methods become methods UNI

1990

Acquisition of the first cone calorimeter in our country, in the laboratory of Controguerra

1990-95

LIPRANDO

ISO TR 5924 (dual smoke box) – 960 test

ASTM E 662 (camera NBS) – 512 test

64 Products

1991

New chamber of smoke ISO 5659-2 Controguerra

1991

PROGRAM "GIUDIZIO DI DIO"

Study on the reliability of small piles of wood in Scots pine (CRIB) as secondary sources of ignition in the assessment and classification of upholstered furniture.

 

LSFIRE directs project

1991

EUREFIC

Research program to improve the current technology of testing methods on the walls and ceiling linings in the Nordic countries.

 

Program financed by CEE

1992

Acquisition of the first FTIR, to measure the production of toxic gases, coupled to the chamber of smoke ISO 5659-2

1992

CARLOMAGNO

It is a program of experimental research, entirely voluntary and independent, that a group of laboratories of the fire, officials and industrialists, has undertaken to collect and process a lot of information about the basic parameters of the behavior of the behaviour of the fire, according to the which could be developed an evaluation system of "reaction to fire" of building products. The program is a database that is proposed, based primarily on the use of the cone calorimeter (ISO DIS 5660) to hypothesize one or more classification systems, which is designed by the correspondence with national classifications.

Participants: LSF, LNE, Centexbel, ECP-ENICHEM Polymers, Isover Saint Gobain, Queen Mary and Westfield College / Univ. of London.

Collaborations: CSEA, VTT, SIA, Italy Rockwool Group Lazzerini, Himont, Plywood Toro, Braendli, Group Amonn, Balzaretti Modigliani

LSFIRE directs project

1992-93

Round Robin ISO TC92 SC1 WG5

             ISO 5660 (cone calorimeter)

            12 laboratories involved:  VTT,TRATEK,SP,SINTEF,ISOVER,UNIV. DI GENT,DOW,BASF,LSF,QMWC,NIST,RIME.

            10 Products – 1800 tests

1992-94

ISO TC92 SC1 WG4

            ISO TR 5924 (dual smoke chamber)

            6 laboratories involved: LSF,BASF,BAYER,HOECST,TNO,RIME.

            12 products – 1100 tests

LSFIRE directs project

1993

ISO 5659-2 ROOM CORNER TEST in Montano Lucino

1993

CBUF

Fire behaviour of upholstered furniture

11 European laboratories

Work programs involving LSF:

  • WP3B (ISO Room test + FTIR – series 2): 16 seats
  • WP6B (Furniture Calorimeter + FTIR – series 2): 16 seats
  • WP10B (ISO 5660 + FTIR) (RR with LNE)

Total project: 1500 tests

Program financed by CEE

1994

Application of FTIR equipment to semi-scale and scale in the laboratory of the North in Montano Lucino

1994

ALESSANDRO VI

Internal program for risk assessment through scale models from

laboratory representatives of the extreme conditions of ventilation:

Limited or poor ventilation: ISO 5924 + FTIR

High ventilation: ISO 5660 + FTIR

47 Products: 1400 tests

LSFIRE directs project

1994

BELFAGOR

Represents a pre-normative research program initiated by the European

European Commission DG XII (General Directorate of Research and Science

Development) and DG III (General Directorate for Industry) operated in

cooperation with the following institutions:

 

AIDIMA           SPAIN

BAYER AG       GERMANY

CENTEXBEL    BELGIUM

LNE                  FRANCE

LSF                   ITALY

RAPRA           UNITED KINGDOM

TNO                 THE NETHERLANDS

IKEA                DENMARK

 

The program was coordinated by LSFire Laboratories.

The goal of the program is to provide a Belfagor technical support and

Scientific functional requirements provided in the First Essential Requirement of

the draft Directive proposal on fire behaviour of Upholstered Furniture, concerning

products and components which reads: "First Essential Requirement: initial

ignition level. The upholstered furniture and related items should be designed and

manufactured to not ignite according the exposure of different types of heat source

classified into three levels of risk (home, public places, prisons and psychiatric

hospitals)."

 

LSFIRE directs project

Program financed by CEE

1994

ROLAND

 

ROLAND is a program that L.S.F. coordinated under contract with the EU Commission and European industry associations and the construction industry. It's the development of a method of semiscala conceived by LSF, which, in terms of thermal attack established - 40 kW/m2 - allows you to measure good accuracy, repeatability and reproducibility, the time of initiation, propagation fire on the surface in various directions, the amount of heat produced from combustion (by means of the temperature curve of the effluent) and the opacity of fumes. And it's considered a method of semiscala "simplified" for the very low cost of the equipment that is the evidence. he showed also a good correlation, it would be more correct to say correspondence with the data obtained with the Room Corner Test (test of full-scale - the reference scenario).

 

 

Tests in semi-scale (ISO 5658.4 + FTIR)

Tests in real-scale (ISO 9705 + FTIR). SP Laboratory

16 Materials

70 tests

LSFIRE directs project

Program financed by CEE

1995

September 1995. Presentation of the results of a year of research during the international seminar organized by the Italian Ministry of the Interior

           

"The toxicity of the effluents of the fire: state of the art techniques of evaluation

and prospects for prevention regulations "(Fire Prevention Institute of

Rome)

 

ISO / DIS 13344 "Determination of the lethal toxic potency of fire effluents" (ISO TC

92 SC3): F E D (fractional EFFECTIVE DOSE).

LSFIRE directs project

1996

Implementation SBI for the first experiments of the group of official laboratories on behalf of the Committee in Brussels.

Program financed by CEE

1996

ROLAND always at the same time for the commission in Brussels

Program financed by CEE

1996-98

Round Robin CEN TC 127 AH3

            Pr EN ISO 9239 (Radiant floor panel)

            11 Laboratories involved: MPA NRW, UNIV. DI GENT,Warrington, VTT, LNE, SP, DBI, EMPA, LSF, Centexbel, TFI.

            10 products: 600 tests

Program financed by CEE

1996-99

Round Robin ROLAND

            ISO 5658.4 (intermediate-scale test)

            11 European laboratories.

            16 products.

            ISO 9705 (16 products), SBI (13 products).

            800 tests.

LSFIRE directs project

Program financed by CEE

1997-99

SAFIR:Smoke gas analysis by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Study and development of the technique of FTIR analysis in relation to the application in field of fire development.

8 European laboratories involved: VTT, SP, UNIV. OF GENT, CENTEXBEL, UNIV. OF GREENWICH, BRE / FRS, RAPRA, LNE, LSF.

 

  • Optimizing sampling methods for small-scale (WP1)
  • Sampling in large-scale (WP2)
  • Quantitative analysis techniques, software (WP3)
  • Application of the method in the different models (WP4)
  • RR test with measurement of the repeatability and reproducibility of the technique applied to the ISO 5660 Cone calorimeter test (WP5)

LSFIRE directs project

Program financed by CEE

1997-99

Round Robin SBI Single Burning Item

 

Method of intermediate scale for the new European classification of building materials.

            12 products.

            11 European laboratories

            880 tests

Program financed by CEE

1999

Round Robin UNIFER

            ISO 5659.2 (Chamber of Smoke single)

            3 Italian laboratories: LSF, LA.P.I. e C.S.I.

Method development and introduction of amendments and additional control procedures to improve the repeatability and reproducibility.

            Calibration with liquid fuels (3)

            2 Preliminary + 7 products

2000

FIPEC

The project concerns the FIPEC fire reaction properties of the cables on the European market. In the project have developed a procedure based on existential tests. Measuringe the rate of heat release and the rate of production of smoke are introduced. The burning behaviour of cables has been modeled. The project was sponsored by the EU.

Program financed by CEE

2001  

FIRESTARR

The Firestarr project is a 3-year research program funded jointly by the European Commission and industry. E 'was founded in 1997 to help the work of CEN/TC256/WG1 CENELEC/TC9X/WG3 and drafting a part 2 (Requirements for fire behavior of materials and components) of the European standard prEN 45545 [1] "Fire protection on railway vehicles."

LNE & LSFIRE directs the project

Program financed by CEE

2009-12

TRANSFEU

The main objective of TRANSFEU is to develop a holistic approach to fire safety performance based design methodology able to efficiently support the standardization of European surface transport. In particular, the project will directly contribute to the finalization of the CEN EN 45545 Part 2 for a dynamic measure of the toxicity and use of ESF and the simulation as a possible alternative to the current fire safety regulations and standards (TSI and TS 45545).

LNE administration and LSFIRE scientific direction of the project

Program financed by CEE

2010

CEMAC II

CEMAC, CE Marking of Cables is a project created with the objective of supporting a smooth transfer from reaction to fire national demand in Europe to a requirement for CE marking harmonized. The starting point is the decision of the European Commission on classification criteria since 2006 and the test procedures referenced in the decision. The project has improved the CEMAC testing standards, procedures developed extensive application of the test results, EXAP, and helped with a large test database. CEMAC is a collaboration between a group of research institutes, testing laboratories and industry, Europa cable. It is believed that the result will be used in the Europe shortly.

Program financed by CEE

2016

ETICS

The Central Directorate for Prevention and Technical Safety of the Department of Fire Services, the Public Rescue and Civil Defence has entered into a research agreement with the Notified Body LS Fire Testing Institute, where he intended to study and experiment with a test method in medium scales on a Thermal insulation Composite System exterior facade. The ETICS system has been evaluated in two specific scenarios: in the end-use application with plaster and in the scenario of construction without plaster fire. In Italy, most of the facade fire occurs during the installation of the system itself operates, therefore, the Ministry has considered it appropriate to verify their suitability even under these conditions.

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